Cradle of Humankind Tour

Sterkfontein Cave images – Ekala Eco Tours

Maropeng – Sterkfontein Cave – Cradle of Humankind.

Paleontologists sites – world’s hominid fossils. World Heritage site of the Cradle of Humankind. Tours of Maropeng – Sterkfontein Cave – Mrs. Ples.

Private collection and drop off – supplied as a fully guided professional tour covering en-route as may be possible from collection to drop off. As a result, not simply a point to point transfer with a driver.

Cradle of Humankind images – Ekala Eco Tours

Sterkfontein Cave – Geological Wonder on outskirts of Johannesburg.

Sterkfontein Cave images – Ekala Eco Tours

Cradle of Humankind – World Heritage Site

Cradle of Humankind (Maropeng and Sterkfontein Caves)

Declared a World Heritage Site in December 1999. The area of Cradle of Humankind is approximately 48 000 hectares.

Housing the caves of Sterkfontein, Driemolen, Swartkrans and Wonder Caves.

Sterkfontein Caves/Maropeng – Cradle of Humankind – Early human development/environment.

World Heritage site and location of the newest find – Homo Naledi.

Ekala covers as much of this area as can be covered in the time available – as a fully guided tour.

Additionally discussing en-route the history and recent finds as we drive through/cover this huge area.

Ekala Eco Tours offer tours that would include both Maropeng and the Sterkfontein Caves.

Although in our experience, the Sterkfontein cave is the main, should not miss item.

Almost Human exhibition, introducing Homo Naledi.

Sterkfontein Cave images – Ekala Eco Tours

Follow an exceptional journey of the Rising Star expedition team behind the discovery.

Visit the largest ever public display of hominin fossils, introducing a new hominin species – Homo Naledi. Most complete of all these 15 individuals, is Neo. This fossil gives a sense of what a single individual looked like.

View footage of the inside of the fossil-rich cave, including the Dinaledi Chamber.

“Exhibition is a significant one for humanity” – Expedition Leader Professor Lee Berger.

“This is a once in a lifetime chance”  – to view these fossils.

Unfortunately the Homo Naledi exhibition is currently not at Maropeng.

We can also add many other wildlife options or other local tours to create a full day tour.

Many other fossil sites exist in this area but only 13 have been excavated to date. The Cradle of Humankind is of universal value, providing a crucial insight into the early stages of human development including the environment in which our remote ancestors hunted and lived.

Perfect tour options to include with the Sterkfontein Cave to create a full day tour:

Overnight options

15 major Paleontologists sites – discover ancient history and human beginnings – close to Johannesburg.

Steps going down into Sterkfontein Cave – Ekala Eco Tours

Sterkfontein Cave

The Sterkfontein Cave is situated 35km to the North-West of Johannesburg (within the The Cradle of Humankind). It is the richest hominid site in South Africa, accounting for 40% of the world’s hominid fossils.


Sterkfontein cave opening was discovered in 1896 by Mr. G. Martignalia who was mining the Sterkfontein Hill. The cave was subsequently explored and found to contain magnificent flow stone formations, which attracted the interest of several geologists.

Between 1918 and 1920, however, the cave was irreversibly damaged by limestone mining exploitation and explosions.

In 1947, Broom discovered the most complete australopithecine known as Mrs. Ples.

In 1957, the owners of the Sterkfontein farm donated the cave and surrounding areas to the University of Witwatersrand.

The Tour – Sterkfontein Cave

There are two levels in the Sterkfontein cave, the upper section that was open at the surface for millions of years and contains the fossils. The lower section is open to the public with spectacular shapes, eroded from the dolomite.

A complex near the entrance includes a virtual reality auditorium, exhibition spaces, lecture theatre, restaurant and shop.

Accordingly it is from here tours are conducted through the iconic caves, which reveal the unfolding journey of humankind.

Ekala’s Cradle of Humankind tours – Sterkfontein Caves and Maropeng – 7 days a week.


Professionally created, interesting and easy to understand displays provide information and life like illustrations of the evolution of humankind. Covering Hominid illustrations from the 7 million year old Chad Toumai fossil through to modern humans. Fossil finds such as Mrs Ples, Littlefoot and the Taung Child are discussed in detail.

Maropeng – Cradle of Humankind

Maropeng – a Setswana word “returning to the place of origin”. Maropeng is an early stone age site, with is rocks being used for early stone tools. Intriguing interactive journey through the history of life on earth. Humankind’s origins and its continuing journey into the future.


Go back in time with a underground boat ride. The evolving story of life.

The site overlooks the magnificent Magaliesburg and Witwatersberg mountain ranges.

Including at the moment –  The almost Human exhibition, introducing Homo Naledi.

Visit the largest ever public display of hominin fossils, introducing a new hominin species – Homo Naledi.

View footage of the inside of this fossil-rich cave, including the Dinaledi Chamber.

Sorry, at this time, this is not at Maropeng.


Wonder Cave

2.2 million years old with a 45 000 cubic meter chamber accommodating stalactite and stalagmite formations of up to 15 meters. It was opened to the public in 1991. Early lime mining fortunately did not damage this natural wonder. Access to the cave is via 88 steps to a lift that will take you down into the cave. Pathways are well lit and no crawling is necessary. This allows easy public access.


The second richest site in this area with numerous hominid fossils finds, predominantly of Australopithecus robustus. Bone tools have been found, thought to have been made and used by Homo Ergaster, the forefather of Homo sapiens. Swartkrans is the site of fossilized hearths, demonstrating the earliest known use of fire. A collection of 270 burnt bones, 1.3 million years old, clearly proves this ability to control fire.


The third richest site in the area with only recent excavations, which include 75 fossils of Australopithecus robustus and a 2 million year old, almost complete female skull.


Paranthropus robustus, more robust hominid existing 2-1 million years ago in South Africa.

Bolt’s Farm

Series of old lime quarries. Bolt’s Farm is the oldest fossil site within the cradle of humankind, dating to about 4.5 million years. Notable fossil finds include jaguar-like forms and saber-toothed cats.

Coopers B

Became the third South African cave deposit to yield a hominid fossil. Including part of the face of a Hominids like Paranthropus robustus, and some isolated teeth, as well as a range of animal fossils.

Gladysvale Cave

First cave visited by Robert Broom in the mid-1930’s. The oldest deposits are around 2 million years old, with a considerable volume of breccia. Over 250 000 fossils have been recovered from the Gladysvale cave, including rare remains of hominids, a wolf – like form and skull of a giant hyena.


Early lime mining caused damage and resulting in part of the roof collapsing. No hominids fossils, discoveries limited to early forest-dwelling monkeys, indicating the deposits to be around 1.3 million years old.


Fossil Hominid teeth have been found at this site, although excavation has, to date, been limited. Fossils finds to date suggest the age to of about 1.3 million years ago.

Plovers Lake

Fossils of a large number of animals, including baboons, antelope and extinct Zebra, have been found at Plovers lake. No hominid fossils have been discovered, however most of the site has not been excavated. Some deposits have been dated to around 1 million years old.


Aged between 1.6 to 1.9 million years old with the first fossil discovery of Paranthropus robustus and three different saber toothed cats as well as thousands of animal fossils being found.

Rising Star Cave

Used for recreational caving since the 1960s. This all changed with recent excavations of over 1500 fossil hominin specimens of Homo Naledi from the Dinaledi and Lesedi Chambers by Professor Lee Berger and his team. This is therefore the most productive hominin site in Africa.


Entrance is via a virtually inaccessible vertical passageway (Chute), thus only a select few will ever get to view the chamber. Accordingly is not open to public nor is it likely it ever would be.

Components of the Cradle of Humankind

Please Note: Only Maropeng, Sterkfontein Caves and Wonder Caves are open to the general public. Tours to the other sites can on occasions be arranged and are conducted by specialist paleontologists. Prior notice is required and extra costs are applicable.

Perfect tour options to include with the Cradle of Humankind to create a full day tour: Elephant Sanctuary and Ann Van Dyk Cheetah Sanctuary

Aerial Cable-way, Hartbeespoort: Spectacular panoramic views of Hartbeespoort dam, Magaliesburg and surrounding area from the aerial cable-way and the viewpoints and walkway on top.

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Robert Broom - Sterkfontein Cave – Ekala Eco Tours

Ekala Family & Guides

Sterkfontein Cave entrance sign – Ekala Eco Tours

Ekala Family & Guides

We pride ourselves on our extensive knowledge of South Africa’s history, culture and wildlife.

With our vast experience and expertise, we will, above all, ensure you leave full of memories.

Ekala will additionally endeavor to personalise your tour according to individual time as well as requirements.

Furthermore Ekala personally conducts and organise all our tours and safaris as highly experience and professional guides.

Consequently you get an enhanced understanding of South Africa’s wildlife, history and diverse cultures.

Tour guide in Sterkfontein Cave – Ekala Eco Tours

Enjoying and respecting South Africa’s national assets – wildlife, environment and the people.

An Historical/Cultural tour and Safari to remember for the right reason

Tour group - Sterkfontein Cave – Ekala Eco Tours


No prices on our website due to the unique, individual and specialised requirements for each tour we supply.

Ekala structure our tours/safari's around our client’s individual requirements.

If time is limited:

We indeed structure the tour from arrival to departure – including airport collection and drop off.

Accordingly using all time available as a fully guided professional tour.

In contrast, not simply a point to point mixed group drive around.

As a result, tour quote based on your specific requirements.

Maropeng Entrance – Ekala Eco Tours
Rock formation - Sterkfontein Cave – Ekala Eco Tours
Steps into Sterkfontein Cave – Ekala Eco Tours
Rock formation - Sterkfontein Cave – Ekala Eco Tours